Defining learning outcomes – an approach that ensures quality

The significance of the results from the learning outcomes in the NQF process was the topic of two-day workshop held between 20th and 21st May 2015, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education and Science and the European Training Foundation.


Defining learning outcomes in the description of qualification is an approach that results in ensuring a quality qualification. Learning outcomes are used in: the design of teaching/study programmes and special programs in adult education, the selection of teaching staff, while defining the process of teaching and learning, in support is given to pupils/students/participants in the learning process, in the grading process, and in the recognition and validation of previous learning. In addition, learning outcomes help qualifications stay relevant to labour market needs qualifying the needs of the labor market and increase the opportunities for comparing qualifications acquired in one country.


The workshop was attended by international experts, members of the EU Advisory Group for EQR to the European Commission, Ms. Eduarda Castel Branco and Prof. Mile Dzhelalija, representatives from the Ministry of Education and Science, the Centre for Vocational Education and Training, the Centre for Adult Education, representatives from vocational schools that are working with reformed programmes for three-year education, from state and private universities, institutions that implement adult education programmes, representatives from the Chamber of Crafts and Chamber of Commerce and others.

Workshop participants presented their good practices via their presentations and addresses, which focused on how they defined and measured learning outcomes, and concluded that the writing of the learning outcomes needs to be well conceived. The following documents were presented during the workshop: “Procedure for development of qualifications,” “Methodology for including qualification in NQF,” ”Protocol for Cooperation among stakeholders involved in the NQF,” and the new website of the NQF (